Lieutenant A G Bathurst /BSA-Mounted Police

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Lt. A.G. BATHURST – S.A.Mounted Police & Later S.A. Light Horse @ Wepener)

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Ref.BM 67.

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Rare Trio Combination to a South African Police/Mounted Horse Officer – although indications are originally of Welsh Origin.
• British South Africa Medal (Rhodesia 1896) – Lieutenant A G Bathurst / South Africa Mounted Constabulary.

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• Queens South Africa Medal 1899 / clasps Transvaal, Wepener, Orange Free State and Cape Colony. – Captain A G Bathurst /Sth African Light Horse
• The Africa General Service Medal / clasp Somaliland 1902-04 as Captain A G Bathurst. SAL.H.

Medal naming detail
BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY MEDAL – RHODESIA 1896.

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A number of edge knocks.
Lettering. LIEUT.A.G.BATHURST.BSA .MOUNTED CONSTAB Y.
The Y in constabulary is smaller, raised slightly in position on the edge with the . under it. There is then some disturbance to the metal for about ¼ of inch..and then the metal resumes smooth.. It would appear a possibility to me that they originally attempted to put Constabulary in full but realized it could not be done.
QSA MEDAL.

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4 Bars..seem all original rivits. Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Wepener, Transvaal

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CAPTN. A.G.BATHURST.S.T.H.AFRICAN LIGHT HORSE

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Stops under T and N / minor edge knock below this.. dots under T & H (in South)
Note.. Mr Bathurst of S.A.Light Horse is recorded by the TIMES traveling back to S.A. on Passenger Liner/Transport.        12 March 1900
Edward VII AFRICA Medal with Somaliland 1902-04 Bar.

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Fairly dark even tone to an amazing quality medal, with 1 minor tarnish blemish to 6 oclock.
CAPT:A G BATHURST.SAL.H.

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(We do not claim to be experts in Medal naming and particularly in expensive and important groups such as this .. we make every effort to show as much detail as possible and particularly where naming may have been done locally, we make every effort to illustrate the item in question).

The British South Africa Company Medal (1890–97). In 1896, Queen Victoria sanctioned the issue by the British South Africa Company of a medal to troops who had been engaged in the First Matabele War. In 1897, the Queen sanctioned another medal for those engaged in the two campaigns of the Second Matabele War: Rhodesia (1896) and Mashonaland (1897). The three medals are the same except for name and date above the lion on the reverse, and the three wordings above the lion denote the campaign for which the medal was issued.

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The history of the British South Africa Police is mirrored in the history and development of Southern Rhodesia. The police force that accompanied and guarded Cecil Rhodes’ Pioneer Column from South Africa in 1890, that carved its way through the overgrown bush, across vast grassy plains and over wide, meandering rivers, up into the heart of the land lying between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers, was the kernel of a body of men and women who were to police its towns, villages and kraals and guard its hundreds of miles of borders for virtually ninety years.
The South Africa Mounted Constabulary were the Mounted section of the Police, where their territory remit was so large, a Mounted force was a necessity.
In about 1898 the British South Africa Company Police (BSAC Police) changed to the British South Africa Police (BSAP).

War in Mashonaland
War broke out on 17 June 1896 at Mazowe with an attack by the Hwata dynasty on Alice Mine. This was followed by the medium Nehanda Nyakasikana capturing and executing Mazowe Native Commissioner Pollard.
Other religious figures who led the rebellion included Kaguvi Gumboreshumba, who was active in the Goromonzi area and Mukwati, a priest of the Mwari shrine who was active throughout Mashonaland.
In addition to the mediums, traditional leaders played a major role in the rebellion, notably Chief Mashayamombe, who led resistance in his chieftaincy in Mhondoro, south of the colonial settlement of Salisbury (now Harare). He was amongst the first chiefs to rebel and the last to be defeated. He was supplied by many of the surrounding districts, such as Chikomba (then Charter).Other chiefs who played an important role included Gwabayana, Makoni, Mapondera, Mangwende and Seke
With the war in Matabeleland ending, Gen. Carrington was able to concentrate his forces on Mashonaland and the rebels retreated into granite kopjes. With no central command to oppose him, Carrington was able to bring Maxim guns against each stronghold in turn, until resistance ended. Nehanda Nyakasikana and Kaguvi Gumboreshumba were captured and executed in 1898, but Mukwati was never captured and died in Mutoko.

The Queens South Africa Medal.

The Queen’s South Africa Medal was awarded to all British forces who served in South Africa from 11 October 1899 up to the end of the war on 31 May 1902. Units from the British Army, Royal Navy, colonial forces from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and “hensoppers” (joiners and collaborators, literally “hands-uppers”) from the South African Republic and Orange Free State, civilians employed in official capacity, war correspondents and non-enlisted men of whatever nationality who drew military pay qualified for the award of the medal. This included those such as the New Zealand 10th Contingent who arrived in Durban in May 1902, but did not fight.
Clasps/ Transvaal.. State Clasp. “State” clasps were issued for service within that state when no “battle” clasp(s) was issued to the recipient for a specific action within the same state.
Clasp/ Wepener.. “WEPENER” – Awarded to all troops engaged in the defense of Wepener, Orange Free State, between 9 April 1900 and 25 April 1900 inclusive – a very scarce clasp.
Clasp / Cape Colony.. State clasp.

The Africa General Service Medal.

Clasp Somaliland 1902-04. Awarded on the Africa General Service Medal EVII, this clasp was awarded for three expeditions against Muhammed bin Abdullah between 18th January 1902 and 11th May 1904. Five Victoria Crosses were awarded during these expeditions.

• London Times, 12 Mar 00 (Monday)

The Moor embarked a number of officers and 600 men of Militia Regiments. She sailed at 4:30 pm from Southampton. Some of the officers were:

Staff of the 8th Division, Colonel G E Harley, CB; Lieutenant Colonels R H Morrison and W A May; Majors J M Traill and H Mann; Captains FitzR E P Curzon, E C P Curzon, Raleigh Grey, CMG, Thynne, and Fisher; Lieutenants Burgoyne, J Lawrence, and Rashleigh; and Mr Wormaid.

7the D G Captain M F Gage

R G A, Captains G G Traherne, H H Harvest, C E Hill, and W F T Corrie

Brit. Counsul-General at Delagoa Bay, Captain Crowe, R N

S A Light Horse, Mr Bathurst.

Among passengers, Miss Mary Kingsley, writer.

• Welsh Army… from letters in the Library of Wales,

A G Bathhurst based in London c 1914 was instrumental in assisting in the raising of a number of Volunteer Units.. he states in his letter that he is/was of Welsh origin and wished to assist in the raising of a Welsh Army for service.


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