German Cross in Gold.

German Cross in Gold..

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A German Cross in Gold by Zimmermann (Maker 20).

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Cross in tombac, silvered, patinated, gilded and enameled, standard version, 45.1gms.. 62.5mm * 62.5mm, marked “20” under the pin, light contact marks to enamels (no chipping), in extremely fine condition

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The German Cross in Gold and Silver are identical in appearance, the only exception being the wreath of laurel leaves which bears the date 1941. In case of Gold German Cross, the wreath is in Gold. The German Cross varies in size from early to late war. Most Crosses measure 62.5 to 63.5 mm across at the widest part of the cross. This measurement is taken from each of the middle points of the cross going straight across (horizontally) the center of the Swastika. The Swastika is made of black enamel outlined in silver, the silver is very thin and in some cases you can see the tombac alloy bleeding through.
The Swastika is attached to a frosted silver disk. In most cases this disk will show tarnish , or will be rubbed through to the tombac, or fine zinc metal that the plate is made of. Around this disk’s perimeter lies a brick-red enamel ring, a little wider than the laurel leaves, in which the wreath of laurel leaves rests upon. Outside of this is a ribbed or rayed dark gray eight pointed star shield. These shields are either painted or in the finer ones almost blue in appearance. All of this is riveted to a eight pointed rayed backing plate, which gives the appearance of the gray plate being trimmed in silver. The Crosses may be found with either 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 rivets on the reverse holding the piece together.

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The German Cross was secured to the uniform by means of a wide, flat pin and hinge which was soldered to the back plate. Manufacturers stamped their mark on this pin or behind it, right on the back plate. Principal manufacturers of the award were Deschler of Munich, Steinhauer & Luck of Lundenscheid, Zimmerman of Pforzheim

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